Published April 15, 2001
by World Scientific Publishing Company .
Written in English
|Contributions||John Noye (Editor), Marcus Grzechnik (Editor)|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||316|
There are several terms used to describe sea level: Global sea level is the average height of the ocean around the world.; Local sea level is the height of the water measured along the coast relative to a specific point on land.; Mean sea level, also known as a tidal datum, is the average of the hourly water level heights observed at a local tide station over 19 years. The third annual Sea Level Rise & Climate Change Conference, hosted by the national law firm of Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP, will take place on Thursday, April 4, at the Hotel Intercontinental in downtown Miami from a.m. – p.m. (with cocktails following). The Equatorial Indian Ocean (EIO) is the second longest tropical ocean belt after the tropical Pacific. EIO extending from 40°E to °E and 10°S to 10°N has a great geographic, social Author: Venugopal Thandlam, T.V.S. Udaya Bhaskar, R. Hasibur, Paolo De Luca, E. Sahlée, A. Rutgersson, M. Ra. There is concern that sea level rise might threaten the existence of some small island communities. Since the start of the s the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) has run the South Pacific Sea Level & Climate Monitoring Project. Every month the tidal centre publishes an update on their work. Figure 1 shows the 12 island groups.
Seasonal changes in the surface water pCO2 and the sea-air pCO2 difference over four climatic zones in the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans are presented. Over the Southern Ocean. The sea level in Tuvalu varies as a consequence of a wide range of atmospheric and oceanographic influences. The report of the Pacific Climate Change Science Program published by the Australian Government, describes a strong zonal (east‑to-west) sea-level slope along the equator, with sea level west of the International Date Line (° longitude) being about a half metre higher than. Small island nations such as those in the Pacific Ocean stand to be wiped off the map. The people of Kiribati, for example, are among the world’s first refugees of sea-level rise, and two of the nation’s islands have all but disappeared into the ocean. The effects of sea-level rise on wildlife is less explored but no less important. Effects of Climate Change on Ocean Temperature By the monthly average sea surface temperature in Hawaiian waters may increase from 73 oF to between 75 o F and 79 o F (Vecchi and Soden, ). Bleaching of coral can be induced by long-term exposure (i.e. several weeks) to temperature increases of o F to o F.
Greenhouse gas emissions continued to grow in , leading to increased ocean heat, and such phenomena as rising sea levels, the altering of ocean currents. For many island nations in the Pacific Ocean, climate change brings with it several serious threats to their existence. Sea level rise, due to the melting of continental ice sheets and the expansion of sea water as ocean temperatures slowly rise, threatens to drown low-lying islands, such as exist on the coral atolls of the Marshall Islands and French Polynesia. Climate change is likely to affect the coastal resources of Fiji in a variety of ways. • Sea-level rise (SLR) may lead to increases in coastal erosion and coastal inundation, increased exposure of beaches to wave action (as coral growth lags behind sea-level rise), and in some cases the retreat of mangroves. Effects of global warming on oceans provides information on the various effects that global warming has on warming can affect sea levels, coastlines, ocean acidification, ocean currents, seawater, sea surface temperatures, tides, the sea floor, weather, and trigger several changes in ocean bio-geochemistry; all of these affect the functioning of a society.